The majority of the world’s wild fish stocks are now either fully exploited or depleted.
FAO. 2016. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016. Contributing to food security and nutrition for all. Rome. 200 pp.
Marine capture production varies depending on country and can impact on valuable marine ecosystems in surrounding waters.
The preservation of global stocks is a constantly moving challenge. Species that are protected may recover, and those that flourish can quickly be reduced as new fishing techniques and technologies expand the reach of modern fishing vessels.
Snapshot of current view of at risk species and production methods. See the Marine Conservation Society’s Good Fish Guide for further list and methods.
Aquaculture may be one way to supply fish without affecting wild stock levels. Provided that the risks associated with disease and managing local ecosystem risks are adequately addressed in a production system, and that feed is sourced sustainably, it has the potential to play a crucial role in livestock production.
Issues associated with aquaculture
WRAP, 2015: Food Futures Report. Download here.